Interventions methylphenidate

methylphenidate

AKA: ritalin, concerta

Methylphenidate is a central nervous system (CNS) stimulant medication used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and, to a lesser extent, narcolepsy. It is a primary medication for ADHD. It may be taken by mouth or applied to the skin, and different formulations have varying durations of effect. It is also used as an athletic performance enhancer and cognitive enhancer, and recreationally as an aphrodisiac and euphoriant.

Studies

1

Participants

113

Outcomes

1

Last updated

6 days ago

Used to treat

×
×

Effect size

The effect size tells you the magnitude of the effect being studied. There are several measures of effect size, but GlacierMD uses Hedges g.

g  > 1.2
Huge
0.8 < g ≤ 1.2
Very large
0.5 < g ≤ 0.8
Large
0.2 < g ≤ 0.5
Medium
0.01 < g ≤ 0.2
Small
g < 0.01
Very small
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Evidence rating

The evidence rating describes how well this particular research question is supported by evidence.

This topic is supported by lots of consistent, high-quality evidence
This topic is supported by consistent, high-quality evidence
There's some evidence for this topic, but it's limited or inconsistent
There's little evidence supporting this topic
This topic has little or no evidence
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Risk rating

The risk rating summarizes the risks associated with an intervention.

This intervention has serious side effects that are relatively common
This intervention has serious side effects
This intervention has relatively common side effects
This intervention has side effects
This intervention has rare side effects
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gScore

The gScore is a composite score that combines:

Research

The total amount of research conducted on this topic. Higher-quality research is weighted more heavily than lower-quality research.

Efficacy

The observed effect size. This is normalized between different outcomes using Hedges g.

Risk

The risk of using this treatment, including side effects, addictiveness, and FDA warnings.
Condition
Outcome
gScore
Research
Effect size
Myalgic encephalomyelitis
Fatigue self-rating
2.4
0.45

Risks

Boxed warning
Side effect
Incidence
appetite loss
10%
insomnia
10%
mood swings
5%
confusion
5%
back pain
5%

Company

GLACIERMD

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